Đề thi tuyển dụng FPT – kế toán P1

Tổng hợp câu hỏi,đề thi tuyển dụng vào kế toán FPT

Accounting and financial test

(Time:45 minutes)


Full name:……………………………………


There are 36 questions in this test. Please do not forget to fill in the correct test version number. Good luck.



  1. Which ratio is best used for measuring how well management did in managing the funds provided by shareholders?
    1. Profit Margin
    2. Debt to Equity
    3. Return on Equity
    4. Inventory Turnover
  2. If sales are $ 600,000 and assets are $ 400,000, then asset turnover is:
    1. .67
    2. 1.50
    3. 2.00
    4. 3.50
  3. An extremely high current ratio implies:
    1. Management is not investing idle assets productively.
    2. Current assets have been depleted and the company is insolvent.
    3. Total assets are earning a very low rate of return.
    4. Current liabilities are higher than current assets.
  4. If we have cash of $ 1,500, accounts receivables of $ 25,500 and current liabilities of $ 30,000, our quick or acid test ratio would be:
    1. 1.88
    2. 1.33
    3. 1.11
    4. .90
  1. The number of times we convert receivables into cash during the year is measured by:
    1. Capital Turnover
    2. Asset Turnover
    3. Accounts Receivable Turnover
    4. Return on Assets
  2. If our cost of sales are $ 120,000 and our average inventory balance is $ 90,000, then our inventory turnover rate is:
    1. .50
    2. .75
    3. 1.00
    4. 1.33
  3. If accounts payable have historically been 20% of sales and we have estimated sales of  $ 200,000, than estimated accounts payable must be:
    1. $ 10,000
    2. $ 20,000
    3. $ 30,000
    4. $ 40,000
  4. Which budget is prepared for determining how much external financing we will need to support estimated sales?
    1. Cash Budget
    2. Budgeted Income Statement
    3. Budgeted Balance Sheet
    4. Sales Forecast
  5. A good place to start in preparing the Budgeted Balance Sheet is with the main link between the Income Statement and the Balance Sheet. This link is:
    1. Cash
    2. Retained Earnings
    3. Current Assets
    4. Long Term Liabilities

10.  One way to improve the budgeting process is to include qualitative techniques into forecasting. Which of the following is an example of a qualitative technique?

  1. 5 Year Trend Analysis
  2. Ratio Analysis
  3. Percent of Sales Method
  4. Interviewing the President of the Company

11.  Statistical methods can be used to improve the accuracy of forecasting. This approach is particularly useful for forecasting sales since we are searching for the right fit based on several observations. One popular approach to finding the right statistical fit is to use:

  1. Exponential Smoothing
  2. Regression Analysis
  3. Executive Polling
  4. Moving Average

12.  Which of the following will contribute to making budgeting a non-value added activity; i.e. the cost of budgeting exceeds the benefit?

  1. The budgeting process is included within the strategic planning process.
  2. Detail and Summary Budgets are prepared at the same time and are distributed to management for approval.
  3. Budgets throughout the organization are automated for enterprise-wide consolidation.
  4. Line item detail in budgets is based on material thresholds.

13.  Capital budgeting analysis consists of three distinct stages. The first stage is:

  1. Discounted Cash Flows
  2. Simulation
  3. Decision Analysis
  4. Net Present Value

14.  The ability to postpone, delay, alter or abandon a project adds value to the project. This value is referred to as:

  1. Relevant cash flows
  2. Attribute value
  3. Net Present Value
  4. Option Pricing

15.  The time value of money is important for three reasons. These three reasons are:

  1. Inflation, uncertainty, and opportunity costs.
  2. Relevancy, stability, and consistency.
  3. Project returns, costs, and timing.
  4. Project options, positions, and variables.

16.  Which of the following is relevant in determining the cash flows of a project?

  1. Sunk costs
  2. Depreciation
  3. Payback period
  4. Net Present Value

17.  You are about to invest $ 15,000 into a project that will generate $ 5,500 of cash flows each year for the next 3 years. If your cost of capital is 11%, then the present value of future cash flows is: (refer to Exhibit 2 for present value tables)

  1. $ 23,218
  2. $ 13,442
  3. $ 11,612
  4. $ 10,808

18.  We can estimate total cash flow cycle times by calculating three ratios: (a) Average Days in Accounts Receivable, (b) Average Days in Inventory and (c) Average Days in Accounts Payable. Using these three ratios, the formula for calculating the total cash flow cycle time would be:

  1. (a) – (b) – (c)
  2. (a) + (b) + (c)
  3. (a) x (b) x (c)
  4. (a) + (b) – (c)

19.  The amount of cash that should be held is a function of four amounts: Transaction Amount (includes compensating balances), Precautionary Amount, Speculative Amount, and Financial Amount. As a general rule, the minimal amount of cash that should be held is:

  1. Transaction Amount
  2. Speculative Amount
  3. Transaction Amount + Precautionary Amount
  4. Speculative Amount + Financial Amount

20.  Assume the following: Beginning Cash on Hand is $ 4,000, projected cash inflows are $ 28,000 and projected cash outflows are $ 39,000. You want to have an ending cash balance of $ 2,000. What is your total projected cash deficit?

  1. $ 11,000
  2. $   4,000
  3. $   7,000
  4. $   9,000

21.  Spontaneous financing or trade credit is simply a way of obtaining more cash by:

  1. Establishing a Line of Credit
  2. Lengthening the Disbursement Cycle
  3. Borrowing against your assets
  4. Selling your receivables

22.  Two common ways of borrowing against accounts receivable are:

  1. Factoring and Assignment
  2. Trust Receipts and Blanket Liens
  3. Leasing and Buy Backs
  4. Warranties and Options

23.  In order to arrange financing against your inventory, your inventory must be:

  1. Slow moving
  2. Certified by the IRS
  3. Highly Marketable
  4. Obsolete

24.  Your company has two major customers, Ajax and Miller. Ajax owes you $ 10,000 and Miller owes you $ 20,000 for the current month. Collection probabilities show that Ajax pays 70% of the time in the current month and 30% of the time the following month. Collection probabilities show that Miller pays 40% of the time in the current month and 60% of the time in the following month. Using expected values, what is the total amount of cash receipts for the current month?

  1. $ 10,000
  2. $ 15,000
  3. $   7,000
  4. $   3,000

25.  One of the early warning signs of cash flow distress is:

  1. High inventory turnover
  2. Early distribution of payroll checks
  3. Late vendor payments
  4. Excessive cash balances

26.  Etco Energy and Baltic Energy have decided to merge. Both companies provide similar products and services. This type of merger is called a:

  1. Diagonal Merger
  2. Conglomerate
  3. Horizontal Merger
  4. Vertical Merger

27.  Synergy values are the additional values that companies realize through a merger and acquisition. Synergy values can take three forms. Generally speaking, the most significant and common form of synergy is:

  1. Higher Cost of Capital
  2. Lower Expenses and Cost
  3. Higher Production Efficiencies
  4. Lower Cost of Capital

28.  Once a company completes the Pre-Acquisition Review, the next phase within the merger and acquisition process is to:

  1. Search and screen target companies
  2. Integrate the two companies
  3. Initiate Phase II Due Diligence
  4. Execute a Merger & Acquisition Agreement

29.  Many mergers begin through a series of negotiations between the two companies. If the two companies decide to seriously investigate the possibility of a merger, they will launch Phase II Due Diligence and execute a:

  1. Post Merger Contract
  2. Formal Joint Conference
  3. Merger & Acquisition Agreement
  4. Letter of Intent

30.  Either party in a merger and acquisition may be entitled to indemnification because of a significant misrepresentation. Indemnification is usually not due until a certain threshold has been reached. This threshold amount is often called the:

  1. Reciprocal Amount
  2. Basket Amount
  3. Striking Price
  4. Closing Rate

31.  Assuming we are valuing a going concern, which of the following types of income streams would be most appropriate for valuing the company?

  1. Earnings Before Interest and Taxes
  2. Free Cash Flows
  3. Operating Income After Taxes
  4. Price to Earnings Ratio

32.  The following estimates have been made for the year 2006:

Operating Income (EBIT)               $ 6,000

Depreciation                                         500

Cash Taxes to be paid                          950

Income from non operating assets         60

No capital investments or changes to working capital are expected. Based on this information, the projected free cash flows for 2006 are:

  1. $ 5,610.
  2. $ 4,550.
  3. $ 4,490
  4. $ 6,550

33.  Marshall Company is considering acquiring Lincoln Associates for $ 600,000. Lincoln has total outstanding liabilities valued at $ 200,000. The total purchase price for Marshall to acquire Lincoln is:

  1. $ 200,000
  2. $ 400,000
  3. $ 600,000
  4. $ 800,000

34.  The Valuation Process will often analyze several value drivers in order to understand where value comes from. Which of the following value drivers would be least important to the valuation?

  1. Return on Invested Capital
  2. Earnings per Share
  3. Cash Flow Return on Investment
  4. Economic Value Added

35.  You have been asked to calculate a terminal value for a valuation forecast. The normalized free cash flow within the forecast is $ 11,400. A nominal growth rate of 3% will be applied along with a weighted average cost of capital of 15%. Using the dividend growth model, the terminal value that should be added to the forecast is:

  1. $ 78,280
  2. $ 86,200
  3. $ 95,000
  4. $ 97,850

36.  Information from a valuation model for Gemini Corporation is summarized below:

Total present value of forecasted free cash flows                      $ 150,000

Terminal value added                                                     450,000

Total present value of non-operating assets                        20,000

Total present value of outstanding debts                                      120,000

If Gemini has 20,000 shares of outstanding stock, the value per share of Gemini is:

  1. $ 15.00
  2. $ 25.00
  3. $ 30.00
  4. $ 35.00


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